Getting Started: 

First, get to know about your planet. Read as much information about the volcano as you can find. Try both the Internet and the library;  a good search engine, an encyclopedia, and individual books on volcano .

As you're reading about volcano, take notes on key information, such as lava flows, ash clouds, crater, magma, branch pipe, conduit, vent any unusual features, when it was discovered, etc.

 The Structure of the volcano Report:
Start your report with an introductory paragraph that states the main ideas that you will be writing about. Then write at least four to five paragraphs that clearly describe volcano. Each paragraph should cover one topic (for example, you should have one paragraph that covers the volcano's location in the world. End the report with a closing paragraph that summarizes what you wrote and learned.

Finally, cite your references (see the section below on formats for your bibliography).

Check that your grammar, spelling, and punctuation are correct. Make sure to use complete sentences and write neatly! Define any technical terms that you use. Proofread your report for errors before you hand it in -- do not hand in a rough draft.

 Topics to Research and Include in Your Report:
When you write your report, try to answer as many of the following questions as you can:

         The volcano's Name

         Position in world: Where is volcano located

Citing Your References: When you write your bibliography, list all of your references. Formats for each type of publication follows (there are different formats for different media):

         Web Site: Author(s) if appropriate. Title of Site or web page. URL of site, date of publication (the earliest copyright year listed).

         Book: Author(s). Title of book. Edition. Location of publisher: Name of Publisher, year of publication.

         Encyclopedia: Title of encyclopedia, volume of encyclopedia used. Location of publisher: Name of Publisher, year of publication, pages where the article is located.

         Magazine or Journal: Author(s). "Title of article." Name of magazine, Volume.issue (date): pages where the article is located.

Author(s) are listed last name first, first name or initials (as cited in the publication).


 Another format for Internet sources is as follows:

Last name, First name of author. Title of Page. Name of the publisher  Date the page was created (at Enchanted Learning, this is the earliest date on the copyright notice located at the bottom of each page),

Some teachers also request that you include the date of access; this is the date (or dates) that you went to the web page (or pages).

 The Following is a Rubric For Assessing each Part of Your Research Report:








Disorganized, no information on what is to come

Gives too little information.

Summarizes report

Concise, well-written introduction


Research Part 1 (the  volcano's name, position in the world, its size,  lava flows, ash clouds, crater, magma, branch pipe, conduit, vent

Does not cover all appropriate topics

Covers some of the appropriate topics.

Covers most of the appropriate topics.

All appropriate topics covered well. Also includes interesting facts.



Many spelling and grammatical errors

A few errors

Only one or two errors

Spelling and grammar perfect



Illegible, messy

Almost illegible

Legible writing, accompanying illustrations

Well organized presentation, typed or written using a word processor, accompanying illustrations



No references

A single reference, incomplete citation

Several references with incomplete citations

Many references, listed in appropriate format



Over a week late

A week late

A day or two late

Handed in on time






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