CHAPTER FIVE: Environmental Protection
In order to accelerate implementation of the protection and utilization of the country's bio-diversification plan, government is charged with establishing the required coordination among the relevant agencies. The country's bio-diversification indicators must approach the level of the global standards and fit (the country's need) by the end of the fourth plan.
> Article 59
For the purpose of estimating the economic values of natural and environmental resources and the costs emanating from the environmental pollution and destruction in the development process and its effects on National Accounts Management and Planning Organization is bound to prepare instructions for computing the values and costs of the items of high priority such as forest, water, soil, bio-diversity and environmental pollution in sensitive areas, and have them approved by the relevant authorities. The values and costs for which the said instructions to be approved shall be applied in the feasibility study of the capital assets acquisition projects.
> Article 60
In order to strengthen and enable the entities concerned with the environment and natural resources, government is charged with devising necessary mechanisms for expansion of the specialized environmental public education in all the educational units and higher education centers, promote and protect investment in the environmental and natural resources sector, and create and enable proper entities for environmental activities in the agencies affecting the environment.
> Article 61
Government is bound to take the following measures during the fourth plan:
A.To initiate self-declaration plan of monitoring sources of pollution. All the productive, service and infrastructural units are to take measure to take sampling for measuring pollutants and destructive
elements on the basis of the guideline/instruction of the Department of the Environment and submit the findings to the said organization. Violators of the provisions of this Article shall be
specified in Article (30) of the "Law of the manner of Preventing Air pollution enacted on 22/04/1995".
B.To adopt measure to gradually increase use of compost fertilizer and biological campaign aiming at preventing improper increase in consumption of chemical fertilizers and insecticides. The criteria
for import, production, formulation and consumption of chemical fertilizers and insecticides from the standpoint of their environmental impact shall be prepared and to be approved by the
Ministries of Agriculture Jihad, Health, Medicare and Medical Education, the Department of the Environment, the Iran Standards and Industrial Research Institute, and to be approved by the
Council of Ministers.
C. To present the country's waste management plan and to adopt a method of implementation through coordination of the municipalities, district governorates, and village councils. The plan