Iran is in the Alps-Himalya mountain chain, is a region of high mineral potential. The Uroumiyeh-Dokhtar magmatic belt of Iran with 1500km length is one the largest copper belt in the world. The Ural-Oman metallogenic belt contains great iron deposits such as Choghart, Chadormalu, Gol-Gohar and Sangan. Huge limestone hosted lead-zinc deposits of Precambrian-Lower Cambrian (Anguran, Kushk), Paleozoic (Duna) and Cretaceous (Mehdiabad, Irankuh, Emarat) age, large chromite deposits in Fariab ophiolites, Esfandaqeh, Forumad and many others make Iran as one the top mineralized regions in the world. Existence of marginal and intracontinental magmatic belts, outcropped metamorphosed basement, young subvolcanic acidic intrusions, active geothermal systems and tectonomagmatic condition, similar to the western gold bearing provinces of the USA, have made Iran among the best regions for epithermal and mesothermal gold mineralization. Unfortunately, because of oil-reliant economy, despite the high mineral potential, Iran has a low-level position in global mining industry, and the share of mine sector in GNP is less than 0.7%.
1- Executive system of exploration in Iran:
Mineral potential, executive system, successful models, modern technologies, expert staff and suitable legalization for foreign and domestic investment are essentials for development of mining sector in each country. Behind Since May 1998, transferring the exploration missions to the Geological Survey of Iran, GSI has started a new executive method for exploration, which follows methods in developed countries (Australia and Canada) and developing countries like Turkey, Egypt and China in three sectors:
- Regional systematic exploration
- Thematic exploration
- Local (zonal) exploration (40km2 areas and also for decorative stones)